quinta-feira, 17 de dezembro de 2009

O Homem e o Javali, um estudo no PNM

"MAN AND WILD BOAR: A STUDY IN MONTESINHO
NATURAL PARK, PORTUGAL

ABSTRACT
Scientific research on the relationships between humans and wild boar (Sus scrofa Linnaeus) are rare. Wild boar is a fundamental species in many ecosystems, but has been exterminated by man in most of the species’ range. In the Montesinho Natural Park, Portugal, rural societies still coexist with wild boar, large wild herbivores, and wolves in a high biodiversity ecosystem. The study of their cultural representations of wild boar shows they have little knowledge of its ecology. They represent wild boar in the top of the trophic chains, more powerful than wolf, having not a buffer effect on wolf attacks on domestic herds. Few damages on crops have a strong psychological effect. People do not see any ecological nor social utility to the species, unless as a prey for hunters. Many people suggest that wild boar should be exterminated. Poaching might endanger the stability of the species. Environmental education and individual participation in conservation might bring a better balance to these ecological, cultural, and economical relationships surrounding wild boar.
Key words: Biodiversity conservation, Ethnobiology, Human/Nature relationships, Sustainable
development, Wild boar."
Leia o artigo completo em:

Galhano-Alves, J P. Galemys. 2004;16:223-230, disponível em: http://www.secem.es/GALEMYS/PDF%20de%20Galemys/16%20(NE).%20PDF/019%20%20Galhano%20223-230.pdf

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